FACT CHECK: The Obama administration has won every trade case against China that has been decided:
The Obama administration has won about a dozen cases against China that were decided by the World Trade Organization, including a ruling last week
that barred China from imposing unfair tariffs on American steel exports. The United States has not lost any of the cases it has brought before the WTO against China, though some are pending.
But China also has won three trade cases against the United States, and it is unclear whether the American victories have aided US companies
. For example, the Obama administration successfully fought for repeal of Chinese tariffs on American-made auto parts, but before and during the adjudication process, Chinese auto parts makers built a formidable industry that has diminished little, even after the tariff repeal.
The Obama administration filed a new complaint in September
, alleging that China is illegally subsidizing its auto parts industry to gain a competitive advantage over the United States. Winning the case would not automatically entitle American companies to recover lost business.
In addition, some major business sectors fall outside the World Trade Organization’s jurisdiction, leaving the United States without an independent arbiter to resolve disputes.